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What are the different types of birth control pills?

There are many methods of birth control. One of these methods is “birth control pills” which we will discuss in detail in this article and clarify all the questions and information that women need to know.

How Does the Birth Control Pill Work?

Contraceptive pills types

They are one of the most effective means of birth control. Oral contraceptives are pills that are taken daily by mouth to prevent pregnancy. There are two types of contraceptive pills:

Progestin-only Pills

These pills contain only one hormone, “progestin”, and if this type is selected for use, it should be taken daily at the same time or within 3 hours of the same daily date specified in order to ensure the effectiveness of this type.

Combined Birth Control Pills

They are two types of hormones, estrogen, and progestin, which are similar to the hormones that are naturally produced from the ovaries (estrogen and progesterone). They are the most common types of birth control pills, and the most important advantages are that they do not have to be taken in the same daily time as in pills Which contain only progestin.

How Does the Birth Control Pill Work?

Pregnancy occurs when the semen (sperm) fertilizes one of the female ovules, so the birth control pill works by:

  • Prevent ovaries from releasing ovules every month Thus. Ovules are not fertilized by sperms, and no pregnancy occurs.
  • Increase the thickness of mucus in the cervix, making it difficult for sperm to penetrate the uterus and reach the ovule.
  • Reduce the thickness of the lining layer of the uterus and thus less opportunity to cultivate a fertilized ovule in the uterus and its ability to grow.

Therefore, birth control pills have high effectiveness in birth control if used properly by taking a pill daily. Studies have shown that every year for every 100 women takes birth control pills every day there is only one woman pregnant and sometimes none.

Side Effects of Birth Control Pill

Some side effects of birth control pills may appear for some women, especially during the first months of use.


Menstrual Irregularity

Blood spots or bleeding are expected to occur during the first few weeks of taking the pill, but if the bleeding intensified or continued for many weeks, you should consult your doctor to find the appropriate contraceptive method.


A feeling of nausea may occur during the first few days of taking the pills. Over time, this feeling may decrease and may disappear completely. It is best to take the pills after dinner to avoid nausea.


If your doctor notices that taking the pill is related to a headache, you may prescribe another type that contains less estrogen, or it is advisable to take the pills for a short period until the doctor determines another appropriate method.

Mood Changes

There is little mood disturbance while taking oral contraceptives, but if this happens, exercising and eating healthy may improve this feeling.

Breast Enlargement

Sometimes there is a little enlargement in the size of the breasts while taking pills, and this phenomenon decreases with time.

Weight Changes

Some women gain weight and some lose weight while taking pills, but most cases remain constant. Drinking plenty of water, avoiding junk food and exercising reduces exposure to weight changes.

Are Birth Control Pills Right for You?

Your doctor may not recommend taking oral contraceptives in some cases, such as:

  • Woman in the breastfeeding period.
  • Woman over the age of 35 years.
  • High blood pressure.
  • A History of deep vein thrombosis.
  •  A History of pulmonary embolisms.
  • A history of breast cancer.
  • A history of stroke or heart disease.
  • Complications associated with diabetes such as nephropathy, retinopathy or neuropathy.
  • Liver diseases.
  • Unexplained uterine bleeding.
  • Take anticonvulsants or anti-TB drugs.

So before the doctor describes the pills, it is necessary to ask first about the medical history of the woman, and whether she takes any other drugs or not to determine the appropriate type of pregnancy pills or to determine whether pills suitable for her or not, because it is not necessary to fit all women’s pills as a means of birth control.

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